HIGH POINT, N.C., Sept. 28, 2016 – Members of the High Point University community frequently conduct, publish and share research and creative works in a variety of ways. Below is a recap of research initiatives from the past month.
Pharmacy Professor Publishes Research Linking Diabetes to Alzheimer’s Disease
Dr. Scott Hemby, professor and chair of the Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences in HPU’s Fred Wilson School of Pharmacy, co-authored a research paper in the Journal of Neuroscience that links diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease.
People with diabetes are at greater risk for developing Alzheimer’s, according to the study. The study examined the mechanism in the brain by which diabetes mellitus may contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s.
Using a model of Type I diabetes, the researchers found changes in brain areas that are consistent with early events that predispose the brain to the development of Alzheimer’s over time.
“The results of our study show a strong connection between diabetes and brain abnormalities that are associated with Alzheimer’s,” Hemby says. “More studies are needed to determine whether the diabetes-related brain changes drive the decline in memory, thinking and behavior.”
Physics Professors and Student Publish in American Journal of Physics
The September edition of the American Journal of Physics includes work on the cover and a featured paper inside by Jeff Regester, HPU instructor of physics; Matthew Carnaghi, 2016 HPU graduate; Dr. Aaron Titus, chair of HPU’s Department of Physics; and Tom Dooling, professor of physics at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke.
The paper, titled “The motion of a spring released from uniform circular motion,” emerged fr
om a freshman research class that Carnaghi took at HPU with Dr. Briana Fiser, assistant professor of physics. The project used an apparatus that Regester built for an experiment on NASA’s reduced-gravity aircraft to twirl a spring in circular motion and release it with a remote control. Using high-speed video, they measured the unexpected behavior of a collapsing spring after it was swung in a circle and released, like a child swinging a slinky above their head and letting go.
“This a wonderful mechanical analogy of the time delay between the cause of a change in a field and the effect at some distance away,” Titus says. “For example, Earth is eight light minutes from the sun, so if the sun were to suddenly disappear, Earth would continue orbiting for eight minutes as if the Sun were still there. In the same way, the end of the released spring continues traveling in a circle until a wave travels down the spring, even though its center of mass travels tangent to the circle.”
Regester produced a YouTube video where he explains the effect and shows results from experiments and computer models.
Professor Co-Authors Article in the National Academy for Engineering’s Journal
Dr. Jane C. Bowser, technology coordinator in HPU’s School of Education, co-authored an article that appeared in The Bridge, which is the journal of The National Academy of Engineering.
The article, titled “Leveraging Technology in the Co-Teaching Model for STEM Education,” examines ways that technology can serve as a co-teacher and provide support in the classroom to accommodate different students’ learning abilities. The study comes at a time when increasing diversity in public education is requiring new and innovative ways to engage students of all levels in the learning process.
Professors Publish Research on Depression-Related Tweets
Dr. Sojung Kim, assistant professor of communication, and Dr. Nahed Eltantawy, associate professor of communication, conducted research on a series of tweets from the United States and South Korea about depression. The research noted similarities and differences regarding how Americans and South Koreans discuss depression on Twitter.
Their research was published in Asian Communication Research.
“Since social media is tied to almost every aspect of our lives, from politics to health, this exploratory cross-national study and its findings could have practical implications for how to support and encourage those people with depression in both countries through social media platforms,” says Kim.
Faculty Attend National Chemical Education Conference
Dr. Keir Fogarty, Dr. Heather Miller and Dr. Melissa Srougi, all assistant professors of chemistry, and Dr. Missy McCorquodale, associate professor of chemistry, presented research at the Biennial Conference on Chemical Education.
Fogarty presented “Do-It-Yourself: 3D Models of Atomic Orbital Through 3D Printing.” Fogarty and McCorquodale also co-presented “A Multi-Week Laboratory for Unknown Chloride Determination with Comparative Statistical Analysis and A Mock Journal Article Component.”
Miller and Srougi co-presented “Peer Learning as a Tool to Strengthen Math Skills in General Chemistry Laboratories.”
HPU students Kaitlyn Griffith and Riccardo De Cataldo helped co-author the research that was presented at the event.
“We were able to disseminate our research findings to a national audience, while also attending workshops and seminars on chemical education that will help elevate teaching and learning at HPU,” says Miller.