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Faculty Webpage: Dr. Sadie Leder Elder

 

Assistant Professor of Psychology
Associate Director, Survey Research Center
(336) 841-9430
sleder@highpoint.edu

 

Education:

Ph.D.   2010    University at Buffalo, the State University of New York

Social/Personality Psychology

Dissertation: A Risk Regulation Model of Romantic Interest: Examining the Role of Attachment in Regulating the Expression of Romantic Desire

M.A.    2004   Wake Forest University

Experimental Psychology

Master’s Thesis:  Intimacy Motivation Theory: Investigating the Role of Relationship Motivation in Predicting Feelings of Romantic Love

B.S.     2001    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Biology & Psychology

Minor in Chemistry

 

Research Interests:

My research program focuses on the study of close relationships.  More specifically, I have centered my investigations on the conflict people experience between the goal to seek closeness and the goal to self-protect against rejection. My work builds from the idea that people have a fundamental need for connection.  To satisfy this need, people must ultimately risk rejection.  For instance, creating and maintaining satisfying relationships requires people to take a leap of faith or disclose private feelings.  In a perfect world, partners would always respond with acceptance and love.  Unfortunately, people sometimes find that making themselves vulnerable can lead to hurt, embarrassment, or rejection.  I am fascinated by how people negotiate the competing drives for connection and protection when navigating romantic life.

 

One line of research examines these drives in the context of partner selection and relationship initiation.  Much of my research in this area focuses on who is likely to approach vs. avoid a potential romantic partner and under what conditions people may place priority on one goal over the other.  Briefly, my research suggests that individuals (particularly those with more secure attachment orientations) tend to balance their competing goals through the use of strategic partner selection preferences.  That is, under normal circumstances, individuals show a preference for the “best” possible partner.  However, when concerned about the possibility of rejection, they show a preference for “safer” partners to optimize the likelihood of connection.  Results suggest that this strategic partner selection may be driven by an automatic activation of connection drives in situations with romantic potential.  Less secure participants, on the other hand, don’t seem to show the same activation of connection drives in response to available partners, and thus, fail to utilize strategic selection when in partner selection situations.

 

Other lines of research have investigated this goal negotiation within the context of ongoing romantic relationships (both dating and married), as well as looked specifically at the experience of romantic love, hurt feelings, and relationship rekindling.

 

Awards/Recognitions:

2012    Silvershein/Gutenstein Family Faculty Development Grant, High Point University

2011     Staff Writer for Science of Relationships (www.scienceofrelationships.com)

2011     Faculty Development Grant from the Society for the Teaching of Psychology

2010    The Society for the Teaching of Psychology’s (APA Division 2)

Wilbert J. McKeachie Teaching Excellence Award

2008   Excellence in Teaching Award, University at Buffalo, SUNY

2008   Psi Chi Graduate Student Teaching Award, University at Buffalo, SUNY

2007    Psi Chi Graduate Student Teaching Award, University at Buffalo, SUNY

 

Publications

Good, J. J., Keeley, J., Leder, S., Afful, S., & Stiegler-Balfour, J. J. (in press).  Supporting our junior faculty: Assessing the concerns and needs of early career faculty. Teaching of Psychology.

 

Afful, S., Good, J. J., Keeley, J., Leder, S., & Stiegler-Balfour, J. J. (Eds.). (2013).  Introductory psychology teaching primer: A guide for new teachers of Psych 101. Society for the Teaching of Psychology (APA Div.2). http://teachpsych.org/ebooks/intro2013/index.php.

 

Keeley, J., Afful, S. E., Stiegler-Balfour, J. J., Good, J. J., & Leder, S. (2013). So you landed a job – what’s next? Advice for early career psychologists from early career psychologists. Society for the Teaching of Psychology (APA Div. 2). http://teachpsych.org/ebooks/ecp2013/index.php

 

Murray, S. L., Pinkus, R. T., Holmes, J. G., Harris, B., Gomillion, S., Aloni, M., Derrick, J. L., &  Leder, S. (2011).  Signaling When (and When Not) to be Cautious and Self-Protective:   Impulsive and Reflective Trust in Close Relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 485-502.

 

Murray, S. L., Griffin, D. W., Derrick, J. L., Harris, B., Aloni, M., & Leder, S. (2011).  Tempting fate or inviting happiness:  Unrealistic idealization prevents the decline of marital satisfaction.  Psychological Science, 22, 619-626.

 

Murray, S. L., Leder, S., MacGregor, J. C. D., Holmes, J. G., Pinkus, R. T., & Harris, B. (2009). Becoming irreplaceable:  How comparisons to the partner’s alternatives differentially affect low and high self-esteem people.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1180-1191.

 

Leary, M. R., & Leder, S. (2009).  The nature of hurt feelings: Emotional experience and cognitive appraisals.  In A. L. Vangelisti (Ed.), Feeling Hurt in Close Relationships.  New York:  Cambridge University Press.

 

Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., Aloni, M., Pinkus, R. T., Derrick, J. L., & Leder, S. (2009). Commitment insurance:  Compensating for the autonomy costs of interdependence in close relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 256-278.

 

Murray, S. L., Aloni, M., Holmes, J. G., Derrick, J. L., Anthony, D. B., Leder, S. (2009). Fostering partner dependence as commitment insurance:  The implicit contingencies of exchange in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 324-348 .

 

Murray, S.L., Derrick, J.L., Leder, S., & Holmes, J. G. (2008). Balancing connectedness and self-protection goals in close relationships: A levels of processing perspectives on risk regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 429-459.

 

Presentations

Stein, L., Gurung, R. A. R., Landrum, R. E., & Leder, S.  (2011, August).  Teaching Tips for graduate students.  Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association (APA), Washington, D.C.

 

Leder, S. (2011, January).  To date, or not to date: Examining attachment as a moderator of romantic interest.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), San Antonio, TX.

 

Leder, S. (2011, January).  Let them play games!  Quiz bowls as an in-class review of course material.  Round table discussion presented at the Teaching Pre-Conference at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), San Antonio, TX.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2010, January). Perceptions of irreplaceably: How satiating the goal of feeling irreplaceable in one’s dating relationship increases perceived trust for low self-esteem individuals.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Las Vegas, NV.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2009, November). Strategic partner selection: Examining a risk regulation model of partner choice.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Southeastern Social Psychologists (SSSP), Ft. Myers, FL.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2009, February).  Strategic partner selection:  Examining the influence of rejection salience on partner choice.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Tampa, FL.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2008, July).  Strategic partner selection model: Balancing connectedness and self-protection when choosing a romantic partner Paper presented at bi-annual meeting of the International Association of Relationship Researchers (IARR), Providence RI.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2008, March).  Strategic partner selection: Balancing the competing goals of connectedness and self-protection. Paper session presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (EPA), Boston, MA.

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2008, January).  When the devil you know beats the devil you don’t:  Rekindling romantic relationships.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Albuquerque, NM.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2007, March).  When the most optimal partners are less desirable: Exploring the influence of rejection salience on partner selection.   Paper presented at annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (EPA), Philadelphia, PA.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2006, May).  When highly attractive partners are less desirable: Exploring the influence of rejection salience on partner selection.  Brownbag session presented for the Social area, Psychology Department, University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, Buffalo, NY.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L.(2006, April).  Self-protection and partner selection in dating relationships.   Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Sigma Xi Research Fair, University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, Buffalo, NY.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L.(2006, January).  Self-protection and partner selection in dating relationships:  Exploring the influence of rejection salience on partner choice.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Palm Springs, CA.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L. (2005, November).  Self-protection and partner selection in dating relationships:  Exploring the influence of rejection salience on partner choice.  Brownbag session presented for the Social area, Psychology Department, University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, Buffalo, NY.

 

Leder, S., & Murray, S. L.(2005, April).  Intimacy motivation theory.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Sigma Xi Research Fair, University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, Buffalo, NY.

 

Leder, S., & Leary, M. R. (2005, March).  Intimacy motivation theory of romantic love.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (EPA), Boston, MA.

 

Leder, S., & Leary, M. R. (2004, March).  Relationship involvement and trait self-esteem as predictors of hurt and anger in ongoing romantic relationships.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Wake Forest Graduate Student Research Day, Winston-Salem, NC.

 

Leder, S., & Leary, M. R. (2004, January).  Relationship quality and trait self-esteem as predictors of hurt and anger in ongoing romantic relationships.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Austin, TX.

 

Leder, S., & Leary, M. R. (2003, March).  Hurt feelings as a function of relationship value.  Poster   presented at the annual meeting of the Wake Forest Graduate Student Research Day, Winston-Salem, NC.

 

Leder, S., & Leary, M. (2003, February).  Predictors of hurt feelings in ongoing romantic relationships.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists (SSSP), Greensboro, NC. 

 

Courses Taught:
Introduction to Psychology
Close Relationships
Social Psychology
Love and Hate in Cyberspace
Survey Research Center Practicum

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